Which Of These Is An Agreement That Ends Fighting Answers.com
According to Lowry, the Germans were disturbed when they heard they had to disarm, lest they be able to defend their repugnant government against communist revolutionaries. But they had little influence. A far greater obstacle that contributed to the five-week delay in the signing of the ceasefire and the resulting social deterioration in Europe was the failure of the French, British and Italian governments to accept President Wilson`s „fourteen points“ and subsequent promises. For example, they assumed that Wilson`s proposed demilitarization would be limited to the central powers. There were also contradictions with their post-war plans, which did not imply a coherent implementation of the ideal of national self-determination.  As Czernin points out, the ceasefire was in fact a German surrender, as its conditions put an end to any possibility of Germany continuing the war. Similar agreements have already been signed by Bulgaria, Turkey and Austria. However, the peace treaties that officially ended the First World War were not signed until 1919. But the war ended with a ceasefire, an agreement in which both sides agree to stop the fighting instead of surrendering.
For both sides, a ceasefire was the quickest way to end the misery and massacre of war. In November 1918, both the Allies and the central powers, which had fought each other for four years, were rather out of gas. This year`s German offensives had been defeated by heavy casualties, and by the end of the summer and autumn British, French and American forces had consistently repelled them. As the United States was able to send more and more fresh troops into combat, the Germans were outnumbered. When the German allies collapsed around them, the outcome of the war seemed clear. On 3 October 1918, the liberal prince Maximilian was appointed German Prime Minister by Baden and replaced Georg von Hertling to negotiate a ceasefire.  After lengthy discussions with the emperor and assessments of the political and military situation in the Empire, the German government sent a message to President Wilson until 5 October 1918 to discuss conditions based on a recent speech by him and the „fourteen points“ previously declared. In the following two exchanges, „Wilson`s allusions failed to give the idea that the emperor`s abdication was an essential condition for peace. The leaders of the Reich State were not yet ready to think about such a monstrous eventuality.  As a precondition for negotiations, Wilson demanded Germany`s withdrawal from all occupied territories, an end to submarine activities and the abdication of the emperor, and wrote on 23 October: „If the United States government must now confront the military champions and monarchical autocrats of Germany, or if it must deal with the international obligations of the German Empire.
it does not need to demand peace negotiations, but to give up.  At the end of October 1918, Ludendorff, in a sudden change of attitude, declared the conditions of the Allies unacceptable.