World Trade Organization Agreement On Agriculture

Export subsidies are the third pillar. The 1995 agricultural agreement required industrialized countries to reduce export subsidies by at least 36% (in value terms) or by 21% (by volume) over a six-year value. For developing countries, the agreement called for reductions of 24% (in value) and 14% (in volume) over ten years. WTO information on agriculture, including statements from WTO members Video: How to use AGIMS Introduction to agricultural trade in the WTO Links to the agriculture section of the WTO guide „Understanding the WTO“ While the volume of world agricultural exports has increased significantly in recent decades, its growth rate is lower than that of industrial enterprises , which has led to a steady decline in the share of agriculture in world merchandise trade. In 1998, agricultural trade accounted for 10.5% of total merchandise trade, taking into account trade in services, while agriculture`s share of world exports was 8.5%. However, in the field of world trade, agriculture still lays ahead of sectors such as mining products, automotive products, chemicals, textiles and clothing, or iron and steel. Among agricultural products marketed internationally, food accounts for almost 80% of the total. The other main category of agricultural products is raw materials. Since the mid-1980s, trade in processed agricultural products and other quality agricultural products has grown much faster than trade in staple foodstuffs, such as cereals. The Ministerial Conference is the highest decision-making body in the WTO.

All WTO members, including the EU, can attend the conference, which is usually held every two years. In recent years, two conferences have led to significant changes in agricultural trade Agricultural trade Agricultural trade Agricultural trade reform did not end with the birth of the agricultural agreement. WTO members continue negotiations on agricultural trade reform. „This has allowed rich countries to maintain or increase their very high subsidies by moving from one kind of subsidy to another,“ Said Third World Network. That is why, after the Uruguay Round, subsidies have increased overall in OECD countries, rather than falling, despite the obvious promise to reduce subsidies in the North. In addition, Martin Khor argued that subsidies to green and blue boxes can also distort trade – because „protection is better camouflaged, but the effect is the same.“ [7] This has resulted in increased barriers to agricultural trade, including import bans, maximum import quotas, variable import tariff rates, minimum import prices and non-tariff measures maintained by so-day enterprises. Important agricultural products such as cereals, meat, dairy products, sugar and a number of fruits and vegetables have faced trade barriers of unusual magnitude in other product sectors. Noting that commitments made under the reform programme should be made fairly by all MEPs, taking into account non-trade issues, including food security and the need to protect the environment; Recalling the agreement that the special and differentiated treatment of developing countries is an integral part of the negotiations and taking into account the negative effects that the implementation of the reform programme could have on the least developed developing countries and net food-importing developing countries, 2.